There has been a lot of talk in recent years about preserving the natural environment. Here we will give some examples of how we currently treat nature, primarily our rivers, the Danube and the Sava, and we will give some possible solutions so that we can improve our relationship with pollution and nature conservation.
The current situation in the Republic of Serbia is as follows:
there are no garbage containers in ports, locks and docks!
Although that process started with the NEVADA project, in which the Republic of Serbia also participates, nothing has changed since then. At the moment, garbage disposal is possible only with the enthusiasm of boatmen who have the will to preserve nature. The only places I know for garbage disposal are: the Port for passenger ships in Belgrade, the Port in Novi Sad and the ship repair of the JRB in Pancevo. The port in Belgrade is able to receive about 16m₃ of garbage, in Novi Sad about 16m₃ and the overhaul of JRB about 16m₃.
Take, for example, the port in Belgrade, where 10 ships sometimes stop every day, and on average about 6 m60 of garbage is dumped per ship, which leads to XNUMX mXNUMX of necessary capacity for receiving garbage. In Belgrade, there is a possibility of disposing of glass, while in Brodoremont Pancevo it is possible to dispose of glass, paper, batteries and used oil. So the only place in Serbia where it is possible to dispose of all waste is owned by JRB and it does so only for its ships.
The question is what happens to the waste from all other ships that pass through the territorial waters of Serbia?
Hungary: It is possible to dispose of garbage organized by an agent in any port.
Austria: There are containers in every port. You have two options to dispose of unsorted garbage and there is a price of about 8 euros per m₃ of garbage or to separate garbage, paper, metal and plastic and then the price of garbage disposal is half price.
Germany: In my opinion, the best example and the way it should be imitated. They simply make money by dumping garbage. There are garbage containers in every port, but only in rare cases do they want to receive garbage that is not sorted. Disposal of sorted waste is at symbolic prices of 1e m₃ of waste but MUST be sorted. There are also garbage containers in the locks and the disposal service is free. In Germany, the control of vessels by the police is very frequent, among the first things they will ask you to see where and when you dumped the garbage. In case you have not done so, expect a high fine and a re-inspection as soon as possible.
What should we do?
Our suggestion for this is to place containers in ports, harbors, locks and bunker stations. After placing the containers, it is necessary to educate the participants in the transport and the persons employed in the ports, docks, locks and bunker stations. The last step should be the inspection of the captain's office over the execution of these actions. A condition can also be set that the garbage must be sorted and then the Republic of Serbia would benefit from the garbage, charge for the garbage collection service and recycle it and get a new value. In Germany, 85% of garbage is currently recycled in Serbia below 10%. It would be especially important to place containers at border crossings and locks and, of course, in ports where ships stay for a very long time.
2. Used oil and bilge water
In the Republic of Serbia, you can currently dispose of used oil, as far as I know, only in Brodoremont JRB in Pancevo, and this is not likely according to all environmental standards, since the oil is stored in barrels and so on. Used oil is a highly carcinogenic liquid with a detrimental effect on the ecosystem. One drop of motor oil can contaminate 1m₃ of soil over a period of 100 years. The absurdity is that used oil has a market value and can be reused in the oil industry. When you look at the amount of motor oil used in river transport and the amount that appears as a raw material for recycling, there would be a big disproportion. If only 10% of that oil ends up in our rivers, that is equal to an ecological catastrophe. In the NEVADA project, all countries were given the opportunity for a month to dispose of used oil and bilge in a specialized ship and to see the benefits of that. Only Bulgaria has decided to have its own ship for the disposal of used oil and bilges.
Proposal: Allow the economy to organize and build stations for the delivery of used oil and subsidize it for the domestic economy for a period of 2-3 years. After that, move on to the obligation with the inspection supervision of the captaincy. Organize the immediate disposal of used oil for passenger ships (it is simply a profitable business). You take over the waste, take the money for it and then sell it to NIS for further processing.
https://www.bilgenentoelung.de/52/Fahrplaene.htm on this site you can see how it is organized in Germany.
3. Faecal disposal
In Serbia, no one has yet offered faecal disposal services from passenger ships. When you look at the number of passenger ships and the possibility of earning money, it is a great absurdity.
Prices for this vary from 10 euros per m₃ plus tax in Hungary to 125 euros per m₃ plus tax in Austria. If one faecal tank is emptied, it is possible to charge up to 250 euros.
With the help of agents in passenger traffic, introduce the option of offering the emptying of fecal tanks on passenger ships.
The best example to follow, especially when building a new infrastructure, is the sludge in the Dutch city of Arnhem. There, a drain in the port is connected to the sewage system, to which a mobile flow meter is connected in case of the need to empty the fecal tank. The complete contents are immediately emptied into the existing sewer and are invoiced by the port according to the entered state of the flow meter.
In order for all this to make sense and to be implemented in practice, the border police and customs should be educated. We should create added value from transport, and not stifle it with repression.
Transport participants should also be educated. Believe me, none of them will think of throwing anything into the water after the Abyss. By introducing standards in a period of 2-3 years, we could bring order to our rivers in terms of this type of pollution. In addition, the Republic of Serbia would benefit greatly from this.
Captain Igor Dorcic
Type A commander